It does not have what to argue itself regarding the benefits that the water brings in general for the population, but its benefits together with the population concentration, generate many impacts to the environment, daily in periodicals can be come across with the flood news what helps in the transmissions of illnesses as leptospirose, pollution of rivers, caused for companies many times with the intention of poluir, the water this available one in the nature, but takes it with quality to all the population it is difficult, it has a relatively high financial cost and its treatment involves much complexity. Hidrolgico cycle. Click Gary Kelly to learn more. The water, as well as carbon, passes for a process of natural regeneration, known as Hidrolgico Cycle, that is when the water comes of the atmosphere passing for diverse phases ties its return again the atmosphere. As it shows figure 1. You may wish to learn more. If so, Rick Garcia CBS is the place to go. Figure 1-Cycle Hidrolgico.
Had access in 20 September of 2010. Available in: . Had access in 21 of September of the 2010 After water to come of the atmosphere through precipitations, a percentage of it is drained by the surface ties to arrive at a river, lake or sea, another percentage penetrates in the ground ties to arrive at a fretico sheet generating later one spring that anger to discharge in a river that goes following its passage ties to arrive at the sea, after this passage the water is evaporated, the generated vapor, forms the clouds that consequentemente and depending on the climatization rains, granizos or snows generate, this transformation provokes an atmospheric phenomenon calling precipitation and thus the clico starts again. With passing of the years, the population comes very increasing of fast form, bringing as consequence a great water consumption. But the lack of awareness and information for the population, makes with that the use irrational of the water is practised by great part of the population.
In the daily one of ours cities, are produced thousand of tons of garbage. This residue has much time is one of the great problems that the public power and the society have faced, searching solutions that nor always take care of the necessities. JetBlue Airways addresses the importance of the matter here. The solution most viable is separation of the materials recycle for reaproveitamento, transforming the problem of the garbage into economic and social solution. So that this happens is necessary that all participate collaborating with the program of selective collection. According to site, some proportionate benefits for the selective collection is the lesser reduction of the natural forests, reduction of the pollution of the ground, the water and of air, economy of energy and water, it draws out the useful life of the sanitary aterros, diminishes the costs of the production, with the exploitation of you recycle for the industries, improving the cleanness and hygiene of the cities, creating chance to fortify cooperatives, generating jobs and income for the commercialization you recycle of and giving them dignity many people who survive of the recycling. The selective collection for recycling is an action to preserve the environment, but so that it gives resulted she is necessary that all society collaborates and participates consequentemente of the construction of a change of mentality and of habits in relation to the problematic one of the garbage.
Such awareness will not be given of one day for another one, but through a constant work of ambient education that guarantees the envolvement and the participation of all. (TETRA PAK, 2008) the alone ambient education is not enough to decide the ambient problems, more is indispensable condition for in such a way. The great importance of the ambient education is to contribute for the formation of citizens, conscientious of its paper in the preservation of the environment and apt to take decisions on necessary questions for the development of a sustainable society.
INTRODUCTION solid Residue is any form of substance or substance, in the solid and semisolid states, that result of industrial, domestic, hospital, commercial, agricultural activity, of services, varrio and other activities of the community, capable to cause pollution or ambient contamination (LAW n 4191 of 2003). According to National Research of Basic Sanitation (PNSB, 2005) in the city of Rio De Janeiro, the average per capita garbage generation is of 1,5 kg/habitantes/dia. In Brazil, the average according to exactly agency is of 0,68kg/habitantes/dia of garbage. Brazil produces 241,614 tons per day, 76% of the collected garbage is destined the lixes the opened sky, only 23.3%, receives treatment and 66% of this garbage do not have adequate collection (IBGE, 1991 – Atlases of the Environment of Brazil – EMBRAPA). The recycling of the solid residues is a viable alternative to propitiate the preservation of natural resources, the energy economy, to area reduction that demand I fill with earth it bathroom, the generation of job and income, as well as the awareness of the population for ambient questions. However, for one better functioning, is of vital importance that if implantation in the Units of Feeding and Nutrio (UAN) an ample system of selective collection, in which the products you recycle separate and they are directed for recycling companies (SECRETARIAT OF the Environment, 2007). The flow of the residues proceeding from the selective collection consists in a particular case, therefore in the selection plants the space of storage of the residues is reduced and depending on the capacity of processing of these, can easily be had problems of allocation of physical space, as it happens in the sanitary aterros (SIMONETTO, 2006). With the recycling, it will have the reduction in the excess of residues generated for all the population and posterior use of the products originated through the process of transformation of the same ones, having as example the oil of kitchen being transformed into biodiesel. Learn more on the subject from Larry Ellison.
Three rooms of the surface of the Land are re-covered by water. It seems incredible to affirm that the world is gives to face a crisis of water supply. But it is accurately this what it is for happening, therefore only one pequenssima part of all the water of the planet Land serves to supply the population. It is a crisis without precedents in the history of the humanity. In world-wide scale, never it had similar problem. The Organization of United Nations instituted, in 1992, the World-wide Day of Water – 22 of March.
The objective of the date is to reflect, to argue and to search solutions for the pollution, wastefulness and scarcity of water in the world all. But it has many other challenges: to know to use it of rational form, to know the cares that must be taken to guarantee the consumption of a water with quality and to search conditions to filter it adequately, in order to take off of it the maximum possible advantage. When the subject is hdricos resources, Brazil is a privileged country. The territory Brazilian withholds 20% of all the water superficial candy of the Land. Most of this volume, about 80%, bes situated in the Amaznia. However, so that this so valuable resource does not finish is necessary that the people do not waste water. It follows aki some tips of as not to waste water: 1 – It does not delay much time in the shower. 2 – It gives attention to the monthly consumption of the water account.
You will be able to discover emptyings that mean enormous water wastefulness. 3 – You can save 16,425 liters of water per year to brushing the teeth, are enough to wet the brush and later closing the tap. He comes back the abriz it to only rinse the mouth and the brush. 4 – He prefers to wash the car with bucket in place of the hose. 5 – Care: Nothing of ' ' varrer' ' yards and sidewalk with spout; it uses the broom. 6 – It uses the machine to wash clothes with the maximum load and prevents the soap excess, that increases the number of rinses. Source: Phil Vasan. 7 – It does not water the plants in the hot hours of the day. The water before evaporates exactly to reach the roots. Based in: Water. Available in: had access in 21 of November of 2009. Available in: had access in 21 of November of 2009.
In 2009 the automobile industry beat to historical record of production and sales, mainly with the reduction of the IPI. The sales had arrived the 3,2 million units and grew 12.8% in relation the 2008.In Brasilia, June of 2009, 10 a thousand units in the month had been vendidas. It knows what it is this amount of cars entering in already combalido transit? It imagines the other great centers? Now in 2010 the perspective is the same one. The 2009 are esteem until growth in relation. Alavancado in the credit and the income improving the povo goes the purchases of the new car.
Despite with ' ' spreads' ' criminals of some financiers, exist cheap options and motivate the purchaser. Zero of entrance and financing in up to 80 months I already vi. The economy is thankful, the automotiva industry is strong, its force is good for generation of job and income and for the government taxes, they do not forget that we are the campes of the globe in tributes, in the vehicles then, nor if it speaks. But everything this has a perverse side. urban support is engaged, the cities goes to be obstructed. Beyond the inconvenience of the congestions and the loss of time of all (one remembers that time is money), still we have the serious problem of the pollution, sio of what many imagine. I do not only say of the effect greenhouse for Co2 of the fuel, but the pollution saw material and emissions particulado.
They see the numbers of Brazil. Source: Denatran 2009 – Total of vehicles: 58.506.136. The main cities: So Paulo: 6.105.954? Belo Horizonte: 1.205.415? Rio De Janeiro: 1.932.327? Curitiba: 1.181.551? Brasilia: 1.138.005 More given on the problem: The main pollutants emitted for vehicle. Total particles in Suspension (PTS)? Inalveis particles (PI)? Smoke? Enxofre dioxide (SO2)? Nitrogen dioxide (IN the 2)? Carbono monoxide (CO)? Ozone (O3) Main impacts of the atmospheric pollution for emissions to propagate: Respiratory device: bronchitis, enfisema, asthma and cancropulmonar; Plants: they attack leves, these they fall, they diminish the photosyntheses, breath and perspiration.
Taking in account the thought of IT HISSES (2010), the health is right of all and to have of the State, guaranteed by means of social and economic politics that they aim at to the reduction of the risk of illness and other agravos. The governing need to consider action services for the promotion of the health as: protection, recovery, regulation, fiscalization and control, execution of the actions of sanitary monitoring and epidemiologist in the environment, as the National Politics of Lines of direction, Federal Law n 6,938/81. Who to come to practise crime against the Environment, that has the applicability of Law n 9,605/98. By means of the displayed one it is responsibility of all human being to preserve the environment, to protect the proper health. From this context, it is verified necessity of the execution of the Law through the public politics in the city of Altamira-Par, so that it has control in the activities human beings, and if comes back practises it of the preservation of the environment and the defense of the public health. FINAL CONSIDERAES the present work articulate and integrate the subject health, environment and education and still stand out an analysis on the consumption and the impacts of the development that has generated problems for population of Altamira. Search to analyze and to develop action that they aim at to improve to the quality of life of the population, by means of a set of methods and techniques used in the educative process.
Currently they is esteem that less than 28% of the country properties of the State of Mato Grosso they are registered in cadastre in the base of the Sema. The state possesss about 140 a thousand country properties, with 73 million ha and only 19,9 million ha are permitted. The number of ambient licenses of country properties active turns around 7.800 LAU? s. The Ambient Licensing in Country properties is carried through from the protocol of an letter-image with information on its property. In this map they are indicated to the open areas and to be explored economically, the legal reserve, the remaining area when it will have and the areas of permanent preservation. The letter-image is overlapped the information contained in stored images of satellite in a proper database of the fiscalizador agency, competing the SEMA verifying if it had deforestation in permitted and/or not forbidden areas. Had to the great ambient liabilities, many producers do not feel themselves to the will to adhere to the regularization, since, beyond the regularization next to the ambient agency, the majority of the country properties necessary to be adjusted in I lease, having that to recoup the areas of permanent preservation degraded (APPDs) and/or degraded areas of legal reserve (ARLDs).
This generates a high cost, discouraging the majority producing them to permit its country property. In this way, the same ones only request the licensing when notified to permit, duly warned filing and fine in case of not attendance the notification in skillful time. Although the incentive of the government of the State in launching the Program Weed de LEGAL Ambient Regularizao Agricultural-TM, a landmark in the development economic partner of Mato Grosso, created for decree 2,238 of 13 of November of 2009, whose objective is to promote the regularization of the ambient liabilities of the properties, amnestying the agriculturists that had deforested until December of 2007 without authorization, the adhesion index still it is very below of the waited one.
This Ambient Plan if destines, therefore, to the presentation of the criteria, the conditions and the obligations of ambient character the one that will be submitted the contractors contracted for the workmanship of magnifying of the company. This specification of ambient cares will be distributed as attached of the proclamation of competition for the workmanships, in such way that, knowing it anticipatedly, the competing contractors take in account the involved costs in the control of the pollution and the ambient degradation to establish the prices offered in its proposals. To the measure that details actions specified in this Ambient Plan, they are presented in complementary character and sequentially to this plan, the following Ambient Plans: Par n1: Prevention of Containment of Erosive Processes and Instabilizaes.
Par n2: Monitoramento de Erosive Processos? Par n3: Vegetal resetting? Par n 4: Prevention to the Forest fires? Par n5: Recovery of Ambient Liabilities 2. JUSTIFICATION In function of the potential alterations in the environment due to the actions directed to the implantation of the increase workmanships of the capacity of the company, mainly as for the pollution of waters (for combustible and lubricative oils, sanitary sewers, assoreamentos), ground (for the discarding of solid and liquid residues, also asphalt) and air (for the dust and smoke), as well as by noises and vibrations, that will have to occur in the areas of the workmanships, seedbeds, service ways, and its in lathes, must be accomplished writ of prevention if corrective, aiming at to eliminate and to reduce its deleterious effect. Such procedures will have to be adopted by the constructors, and to be demanded by the fiscalization, in the diverse involved activities in the workmanships, since the phase of installation, until the phase of demobilization. On the other hand, it is also basic to make possible to the contractors, previously to the elaboration of its proposals, esteem the involved resources and costs in the fulfilment of the ambient requirements, what equally it requires the knowledge of the ambient norms of construction that will be adopted by the contractors. 3. OBJECTIVE the objective of this work is to show the actions to be undertaken and the minimum ambient criteria to be respected for the contractors who come to be contracted for the services of construction of any of the workmanships that are part of the project of magnifying of the capacity of the company. In this general objective they are involved: To minimize the losses of natural resources? To minimize the alterations in the quality of waters of rivers and streams ebb tide of workmanships and seedbeds; To minimize the presence of insects, odors, pollution of the ground; To control the level of noises, vibrations and pollution of air, mainly in the neighborhoods of areas of urban occupation.
We only preserve what we know well, from there the necessity of systematic studies on this species that although so attacked and of the risks that run the Ministry of the Environment if wants integrated it in the new Official list of the Species of the Brazilian Flora Threatened of Extinguishing elaborated for the Biodiversitas Foundation in the Category of plants II – with deficiency of data: those whose information (geographic distribution, threats/impacts and uses, among others) are still deficient, not allowing to fit them with security in the condition of threatened. Orquidfilo has a paper very important in this process of calling to the responsibility of the public agencies in the direction to stimulate the creation of data base on this and other plants that had been at least catalogued and is running eminent risk of extinguishing. To be more accurate, only the Cattleya Nobilior and the Cattleya Walkeriana enter the orquidceas of TM had been fit in this category although to be common we find in the side of the roads that take for the region TM north, barraquinhas in the edge of the highways vendendo orqudeas natives without no fiscalization or accompaniment of the agencies ' ' competentes' '. They agree to detach that the article 8 of the Instruction Normative of the Ministry of the Environment published in September of 2008 it determines that: ' ' The species with deficiency of constant data of Annex II to this Normative Instruction and that in accordance with the studies mentioned above to present scientific information enough to be considered threatened of extinguishing will be publication object of new Normative Instruction for the Ministry of the Environment ' '. It wants to know greaters information on the Complete List of the Threatened Plants? It consults the list and it verifies if there well pertinho of you is not occurring indifference or omission on the part of the authorities, its action can help to preserve a species and all chain that it needs to survive, is alone to clicar in link: Who loves takes care of and who knows makes the hour! This is the moment to promote studies, quarrels and debates the national level on this and other plants of the family of the orquidceas that are at risk of extinguishing so that they do not disappear completely of the nature. preservation of the species in its natural habitat surely will contribute among others for bigger genetic variation. Currently the country if is proud of being the fourth bigger power in regards to bank of germoplasma, being behind only of the United States (500 a thousand samples), of China (390 a thousand samples) and of Germany (160 a thousand samples), thanks to the interchange between the EMBRAPA and the LABEX-EUA and the Service of Pesquisa Agrcola (ARS) American north, the challenge is to demonstrate that we need to expand the research that until the moment if concentrates in the lumber and nourishing activities for other areas not less important for the balance of the planet among which we detach the orquidofilia and all gamma of life that if it interrelates with this that if configures as of the families of evolved plants more than science it has knowledge.
How much to the method, it was adopted bibliographical research. According to Vergara (2006): ' ' Pesquisabibliogrfica is the study systemize developed on the basis of materialpublicado in books, reviewed, electronic periodicals, that is, material acessvelem geral' '. 3,2 Model Observing that parGonsalves (2002) ' ' methodology means the study of the ways to be followed, including there the procedures escolhidos.' ' To follow Institutions of Superior Education are presented etapasque compose the proposal for the implantation of selective collection of the produzidopor garbage. The 8 (eight) aesidealizadas are of easy operacionalizao, consisting of applications, mainly, mechanical of the traced strategies, namely: to 1.Adquirir collecting selective produced with materiaisreciclados being installed in strategical spaces of the institution, observandoe not atravancando the mobility of the passer-bys; to 2.Colocar cardboard boxes in all the classrooms, destined to the exclusive retraction of paper, removing the deplstico garbage hampers, as form to accustom the involved actors to the practical one of materiaisreciclveis; to 3.Produzir informative posters to be fincados in locaisde easy visualization, alerting for the importance of the recycling and anecessidade of to use, adequately, the electric and hdricos resources; to 4.Promover lectures with specialists in the temticaambiental area, in order to congregate and to acquire knowledge the professors, learning and tcnicosadministrativos for the importance of the preservation to the environment; to 5.Firmar partnerships and term of commitment on to the recycling for collection, periodic and continuous, dosmateriais comorganizaes segregated, in order to contribute for the localsustentvel development of the cooperatives and the catadores of garbage; to 6.Realizar the advertising of all the developed actions, from the insertion of notes and journalistic substances in the ways of comunicaode mass and internal publications, divulging, satisfactorily, Instituio and narrowing the bows to the society; to 7.Controlar and to fiscalize the stages of selective implantation dacoleta in the institution being aimed at to minimize possible shunting lines will quepodero to occur during the execution of the model and that they will be able to impede the process, and, 8.Avaliar model and, if necessary, to improve it in order emendation-locom seen to become it, perfectly, auto-feasible.