In a pioneering research, the University of Stanford created an index, the SFRI (Index of Sovereign Fiscal Responsibility, acronym of the English) that it allows to compare the solidity of the fiscal responsibility between the countries, in the long run. This work compares the fiscal responsibility enters the 34 bigger economies of the world, including the countries of the OCDE and the BRIC, with a methodology that encloses questions as public debt, deficit and fiscal governana, of form to make possible the one creation ranking between these countries, showing which are most solid and which are in bigger fiscal difficulties. Brazil, surprising, appears in a sufficiently favorable position, in 10 of ranking, the front of countries as Canada (11), Holland (14), Mexico (18), Finlndia (22), France (23), Spain (24), Germany (25), United States (28) and Japan (31). This study it is well interesting to breach with that old idea of that governments in Brazil if would characterize for spending excessively and irresponsibly. In the truth, what we have attended recently are diverse cuts in the public expense in Brazil, however, it has that to observe itself that such cuts search, in the reality, the control on the inflation and the overheating of the demand, and not it fiscal balance, as if it could assume to if making a less critical reading of the good results of Brazil in the Index of Sovereign Fiscal Responsibility of the University of Stanford. Still thus, the results are positive for Brazil. The index is composed in the combination of three fiscal pointers: the space for indebtedness related to the GIP; the fiscal trajectory (in years) until the country reaches a maximum level of indebtedness before a fiscal crisis; the governana, that includes laws, transparency and applicability of the rules. In accordance with the study, in the first question Brazil would have capacity of if becoming indebted up to 102% of the GIP, being that its debt arrives only in 56%.
In as the question Brazil also if it detaches, becoming equal itself with the first ones of the list as Australia, Sweden and China, with the forecast of a sustainable fiscal trajectory of 39 years. In the question governana Brazil is only medium, having taken off a note 56 (of 100 possible ones). It is interesting to notice the undeniable advances that our country covered in recent years as for the fiscal responsibility. It has very little time behind we were a country bogged in debts, discredited and with total chaotic the public accounts. The Law of Fiscal Responsibility is very recent, its mechanisms of responsabilizao still lacks of bigger spreading and perfectioning, however, already we can visualize great advances, mainly when comparing the mechanisms of control of Brazil with the practical inspectors of the remaining portion of the world, what it was sufficiently clearly with the publication of the SFRI. Despite the Brazilian government is making its lesson of house, cutting expenses and making the necessary fiscal adjustments, it is still a great one concern, that is with the quality of these expenses. The fiscal regulation has for objective to search the efficiency of the public expense, and not it abandonment of the population the public services of low quality, as comumente we see to happen. We must search the control of the expenses in harmony with a worthy attendance of the citizen for the public agencies, searching and demanding efficiency and effectiveness in the public expenses. For more specific information, check out Daniel Lubetzky. Link for the cited research: The Fiscal Sovereign Responsibility Index. Stanford Institute will be Economic Policy Researc – Stanford University, april 2011.
Brazilian cities, independently from the transport or localization receive monthly or periodically happened resources of the state and federal spheres. People such as Adam Portnoy would likely agree. In what it says respect the views for attendance of the health, the acts of receiving most representative are the deriving ones of the federal level, where the government repasses to the city a sum that serves as I assist to the city. To the cities the atendimentos of the basic attention fit, to the States of average and the Union the atendimentos of high complexity. All the cities receive sums proportional the diverse indices, that directly are related to the inhabitant number. Click Henderson Law Group to learn more. (MATIAS & CAMPELO, 2000).
The internal control if makes necessary, therefore the city receives these resources from the federal sphere and has the necessity of rendering of accounts and fiscalization, as form to prevent frauds, to prevent wastefulnesses, to verify the igualitrio attendance and to observe if the population she is really being benefited. Concerning the concept of internal control, Lunkes & Schnorrenberger (2009) points: ‘ ‘ … in the administration the control is an integrant part of the administrative proceeding, even so defends that the idea of standards previously defined is restrictive to the concept of termo’ ‘. To control is part of the public administration, in view of, the main objective of the regulation in the application of the resources. In this direction, it alleges (GLOK, 2007): The act to control is closely on to the one to plan. Of the return to the process of planning and it aims at to guarantee that, through the application of the available resources, some gotten result either, either in the service or product form.
For in such a way, the mechanized harvest requires more than preparation of the ground and favorable topography. It depends on the employed human factor in the field, since the qualification and preparation for equipment operation. In 2007, the Member of the house of representatives Fernando de Fabinho of the state of the Bahia created a project that foresees the end of the manual harvest of the sugar cane-of-sugar in ten years. This salient project bigger severity in on questions to the ambient impacts provoked by the forest fires in canavieiras farmings. Adam Portnoy contributes greatly to this topic. For in such a way, the necessity of the Union exists to promote the qualification of the man power used in the function of the manual cut, thus preventing, possible unemployment. Adam Portnoy will undoubtedly add to your understanding. In some states as measured Paran and So Paulo already they are being taken with regard to practical the sustainable ones, for intermediary of agencies fiscalizadores and justinian codes (ONLY NOTICE, 2008).
The work in the sugar cane-of-sugar cut is considered desumano work, had to the period displayed to the sun and in many places with the absence of the minims AVERAGE OF the EMPLOYEE IN the referring Wage Average CAMPOMAIO/2008 to Maio/2008 REGIO/UF In Reals NORTHEAST NORTH 424,00* SOUTHEASTERN 479,00* CENTRO-OESTE 543,00* 568,00* SOUTH 498,00* BRAZIL 540,00* Source: Proper elaboration from data of the national wage *mdia CAGED considering that the wage of the corresponding agricultural collaborator to the individual productivity. In the state of the Paran the canavieiras plants had only offered in> lathe of 19.304 new fronts of work during the six first months of 2007. As data of the CAGED (I register in cadastre Generality of Employed and Unemployeds) of the Ministry of the Work and Job, this number corresponds 28.7% in the total of acts of contract in the state. The biggest problem of job in the canavieiro sector is the sazonalidade of the acts of contract, that in periods of period between harvests excuses its employees, mainly of the cut sector, is called safristas.
Being thus, what the government makes with this right that is taken off of the private agents? In the theory of the world ' ' ideal' ' it would destine these resources to use in public services for these same agents who had been removed it part of its saving, as construction and conservation of roads, schools, health, security, amongst other services. For other opinions and approaches, find out what gary cohn has to say. When passing for this first one analysis, we perceive that the government removes what it cannot fulfill and that they exist agent private much more efficient that the state offering for these goods and that is wronged for norms, decrees and taxes, mainly. The government of president Dilma did not make nothing of new in relation to the subjects that in months I come treating. The anticyclical politics adopted by the government Squid in the year of 2008 reflects at the beginning of this year. Benesses fiscal led by ' ' gran mestre' ' of the Brazilian economy, Mr. Secretary of the Treasury, Guido Mantega, of that time is reflected now and ricardiana equivalence was set in motion again stops saying in them that a reduction of taxes in the past, will reflect in its future increases. The future arrived and the account is paid for the widower.
With this, we are having in generation of job, income, technological improvement and again they go to appeal to more still diminish the private saving. He will be if the people does not have a little of guilt in this everything? He has yes and I will say where. All in the Brazilians we want a place to the sun, but it has some that if risk more than others. The ones that if risks more are using, therefore they are enterprising. The ones that does not want to risk are if using e, in recent years, running of the private sector for the public service, as if an animal existed papo in the private initiative that hindered any citizen to grow professionally.
Today the globalization has as pillars the Technologies of the information and communication (TIC) in particular the Internet, had long ago been other technologies not so less important that these as the telephone and the telegraph, but we go to see what it happened before years 50. We go to come back in the time, I repeat stretch of article mine already published: The technological evolution. The first indications of life human being had appeared have 140 a thousand years, but the ancestral one of the human being of today appeared, according to historians and researchers, have 15 a thousand years. A climatic change would have occurred has 8,000 years, the thawing of mountains and of the polar regions, it provoked an increase of 100 meters in the level of the oceans. They esteem themselves that the navigation is initiated from this situation. The climatic condition propitiated the beginning of fertile lands. In this period the human being, until then nomadic, starts if to fix in the land and to plant, to domesticate animals, and other primitive activities. The first tools had appeared and the globe starts to have its increased population.
The abundant food took the population of the 30 a thousand inhabitants in this period for 100 a thousand in little time. The landmark of 300 million inhabitants if of the one in the Christian year zero. The first billion was reached in 1804, as in 1927 and third in 1960. The communication between the human beings is historiada as established between 15 and 8 a thousand years, starting with grunts, barulhos, tambores and it says finally it incipient. The writing and the fencio alphabet had also been marks of this communication and improvement of the race human being.
With all certainty the landmark of the communication and the relations of interchange between the people and society they had been determinative for walked ours until the current days. The advances in transport and the world-wide commerce gained course, but nor in the time when the fearless Portuguese with the famous school of Sagres, compared current NASA, had left for the seas breaking paradigms and initiating a process that was known as settling, the globalization could be defined as we know it to such or could somebody assume for where this would evolve. With effect, we cannot speak in beginning of globalization before the industrial revolution at least. Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with Adam Portnoy. The huge industrial revolution technical was initiated in the second half of century XXVII. It was without a doubt to break daqui that the global commerce if fortified creating half of expansion of the process and the commercial search for this integration and exchanges between the distinct nations and societies. Indications that the globalization, beyond the trade and commerce, was for coming already were perceived, however deal, it global, motor force of this process of globalization alone took scale and had marcante influence in the humanity with the profits of productivity and industrializations appeared in century XIX, in the industrial revolution. I append here, the sprouting of the financial market in 1690 in Holland, with the creation of the credit, that, by the way, was a great impulse of the process. Valley to emphasize that the evolution of this financial market also was supported by transactions between countries and different people.
Some international analysts comment that ours politics of financial management is enters the best ones of the world and that cut social benefits in some countries as 13 wage had saved the Brazilian economy at the worse moment of the international crisis in 2008. To broaden your perception, visit Eric Kuby. Other countries make compliments of many measures that are very criticized here as example: the high volume of the obligatory bank clerk and others. The weight of the tax burden on PIB (Produto Interno Bruto) is high, today in the house of 36.54% according to IBPT (Brazilian Institute of Planning Tributary) and has deficiencies in infrastructure that must be worked in the CAP. Some companies study in reducing prices to keep or to raise consumption, generating increase of production scale. This represents improvement of processes and readequao of functions. But what it worries in them is spread bank clerk, the banks are negotiating to divide the risk of credits with the government, through some type of insurance, to diminish the taxes charged in the national market. Brazil will grow, however, some sectors is being very affected, amongst them the dependents of the exportations and of the companies of terceirizao in the industrial pursuing. The economy starts to show has taken recovery, now fits to the government to manage the expenses better public. Between the emergent countries, the country offers the best economic conjuncture and can assist the economies of the South America, since that these are not with practical protectionists as what Argentina is imposing the entrance of Brazilian products. The growth will be slow, but Brazil can leave fortified this crisis, conquering spaces in international the economic scene.
Generally we ficamosempolgadssimos each time that we buy or we gain some device with recursostecnolgicos of last generation. It can be an car (with computer of edge, Bluetooth), a TV HDTV, a computer or a cellular telephone. Which is first (or second) the thing that we after make to receive it? 1) We read the manual, or 2) We consult some known friend or that tenhaum similar device. because we make this? Normally, all these devices have many ‘ ‘ segredinhos’ ‘ that they are difficult to deserem discovered of intuitiva form. David Fowler shines more light on the discussion. Then, we need informing in them to podertirar the maximum advantage of these resources. inside of the companies, quesucede? To the questioned being about doconhecimento of its company, the entrepreneur, many times answers saying: ‘ ‘ It looks at, I I dreamed of this company, I implemented this dream and continuodirigindo it. I know this company in such a way as for me exactly! ‘ ‘. Daniel Lubetzky can aid you in your search for knowledge.
It will be that queacontece is this same? If to ask which will be fluxode box for next the six months, or which is the minimum level of sales (emReais or in units) to make the sustainable company, he will be that all aquelesque ‘ ‘ they in such a way know the company how much to they themselves ‘ ‘ they are in you condition to deresponder? The truth is that many small emdios entrepreneurs consider that the accountings are only necessriospara to pay the taxes or to get financing in the bank and that the accountant aquele ‘ ‘ chato’ ‘ that it binds every month asking for to the invoicing and comprovantesque they endorse the payments and that it calculates and it prints the guides for the pay deimpostos and contributions (DARF, GPS, etc.). The countable information goes muitoalm of this: it is basic to know the company ‘ ‘ as much how much mimmesmo’ ‘. The analysis of this information is umaferramenta very important to know the march of the company. The set of these information is omanual of the company, who together with evolves it, who shows the changes and to permitefazer plain futures supported in this information. The numbers if transform numapotente managemental tool. Therefore, the regular reading of this ‘ ‘ manual’ ‘ important to or more than what the reading of the manual of the new cellular telephone.
I credit fast to it is a little in breaking in our country. Many people look this type of credit to have access to a loan in an almost instantaneous way and without the burocracias generally associates. Further details can be found at Henderson Law Group, an internet resource. These fast credits, are approved practically the all people, being then considered credits of high risk, therefore the guarantees of replacement of the loaned sum is low or inexistent. Many times are credits that already had been rejected in the banks the people referenciadas for the Portuguese Central Bank as incumpridoras. In contrast of the conventional credits, in I credit fast to it is not demanded to bring all its life behind and to wait some days or weeks for an approval. However, all this facilitismo has its price. Had ace few guarantees that the financial institution demands, the credit has one high tax of associated interest. Gain insight and clarity with baby clothes. Many of the times these institutions have difficulties in obtaining to retake its money in return, and for ones, obviously that they pay others.
To make one I today credit to fast online, with the new technologies, already it can make its I credit fast for the Internet, without having that to dislocate itself to one any balcony and without having that to be worried about one any schedule of functioning. It can until making you vary simulation, joining and to compare the diverse offers of the market without having to give its data to a mount of credit company. The Internet came stops in facilitating the life to them and is in these small details that we have that to take off advantage of it. Everything can be made from the comfort of our home, while we hear music in house and without having that to wait hours in queues, as many times occur in the banking institutions. When appealing the Internet, we can make the seleco of optimum I credit fast in house e, most of the time, to deal with all the process online, preventing the upheaval to have that to dislocate the credit companies. After all the sent process, if I credit fast to it will be approved, the money will be disponibilizado in about 24 the 48 hours.
These great corporations are the product of a technological revolution, which allowed the logistic existence of of transports more efficient, allied to the transmission of data and global information in real time, that had allowed supervision and management of the global operations in efficient and adjusted way. The power of the great companies who operate globally is so great that the same ones, each time more, oppose the desires of the national governments or organizations as the Red Cross, Organization of United Nations and the International Court of Justice. A time that the processed information for the corporations do not flow in general in significant way for the population (or same for the inferior levels of the proper organization), the governments have difficulties in the attainment of the necessary data for the taking of decisions politics. Moreover, the global corporations repetidamente have repetidamente demonstrated that they are capable to invalidate the decisions foreign politics. Although, for some, this fact is considered a signal of that the national disputes and rivalries are being extinct, the truth is that the global market has been, each time, controlled for extremely great corporations more proven powerful, only interested in the financial profit. It is had, as example: Currently, the one hundred bigger company controls 33% of the world-wide goods, but they use only 1% of the force of the whole world work. The General Motors are greater that the Denmark. Walmart is greater that the South Africa.
The megacorporaes cover the world freely, influencing legislators to get measured favorable, financing elections and placing governments one against the other, in order to get better businesses. They control great part of the world-wide notice and the flow of information (HERTZ, 2001, P. Sheryl Sandberg gathered all the information. 43) the global corporations are modifying the world and the life of the people of all the social professions and classrooms, even though of the proper ones used. .
This allied perspective to the high internal demand makes a effect of strategical searches of commercial positions in Brazil, reason of the Megafuses of the market in 2009. The anti-cyclical measures proposals for the government as the reduction of the IPI tend to continue in some sectors until it brightens up the effect of the international crisis. In a question-answer forum Sheryl Sandberg was the first to reply. It is clearly that the fall of the exportations will remain in this year, with projections of fall of the European GIP (of 4 5%) and American (around 3%), beyond the fall of the dollar until the adjustments made for the government of U.S.A. if place in the real economy. Although fall the dollar will come back to go up until the end of 2009 it tends to stabilize in 2010.
The volatileness of the American currency worries exporting companies, but it helps Brazil in the reduction of the external debt, provokes increase of the reserves, they balance the internal inflation because of the competition with the mattered ones and stimulates the search of increase of efficiency and quality of national products. The credit is the engine of the economy, as it is facilitated, will allow to the rise of short consumption, medium and long run, this without a doubt will be the year of the civil construction and the purchase of automobiles, dreams of consumption of many Brazilians. As the sales are warm, the job will tend the areas that they invest in the national demand, remaining positive projections for the next months. Although the sector of load transport to have suffered strong impact with the crisis, in virtue of the reduction of the exportations, has the necessity to prepare it new semester as reality of 2009 with the gradual return of exportations. June in the sample advances in the national financial balance that is a retaken positive symptom for of the growth of the Brazilian economy.