Tag: auto and moto
It will, of course, the used cars of foreign production. Everyone is probably well-known saying: the best car – new car. But let's get this always true … Why, then, many motorists prefer used cars? All of the major reasons for purchasing used cars, one way or another connected with money, but rather with their absence. Many people like you do not want to save for a car a few years or go into debts, take out a loan, so they prefer used cars. Used cars bought by those who have already have the hell of a lot of trouble with the production of the domestic auto industry and finally to her disappointment, and money on a new foreign car is not enough. Often, not much used cars, buy thrifty and intelligent people are not willing to throw money away, because they know that a car loses much of its value in the first years operation, while its technical state during this time remains at a high level. Used cars are perfect for beginners drivers on our machines more namuchalis than teach, and buy a new one expensive cars as the first machine is impractical.
Used car buyer provide an opportunity to choose a car for a few classes above, and, consequently, more comfortable, reliable and high quality in comparison with new car for the same money. The undoubted pluses is the possibility of a rich selection of various makes and models. Want to German or French car, but you may prefer Japanese cars? No problem – at market can be found cars from different manufacturers at reasonable prices. Prefer to choose a prestigious cars are older, but if the image is not your first, you can buy a used car newer and simpler.
British taxi has a long history in the 16th century the first cab, and in the 19th century the word "cab" came into use Londoners. Progenitors of the modern taxi were open two-wheeled carts – convertibles, and hence went reduction – a cab. The concept of "Taxi" appeared in 1905, then on the car for a private taxi driver was installed the first machine account – taximeter. Author device Baron von Thurn and Taxis for Berlin came up with his car. Through few years to enjoy all the British were obliged to counter the taxi drivers. In the early 20th century, the number of London kebmenov not exceed one hundred people and they received a license in accordance with strict rules-based set of rules.
Until the second World War II as a taxi used in different cars: Rover and Vauxhall, Unic, Mark-I, a Scottish company William Beardmore, Morris-Commercial, Austin. But it is a taxi from Austin will become the most legendary black cab, modified versions of which still roam around London. Models Austin FX3 and FX4, painted yellow and shipped to America, but popular there, they did not. In the 80 years of cabs were produced under the brand LTI (London Taxi International). Company has released several versions of the car, the latter corresponds to TX IV environmental standards Euro 4. The cars themselves are still roomy for a 5-man cabin, high flow, and the luggage is placed next to the driver, thus preserved the spirit and traditions of old London. True modern taxi is not always a strict black, more often there are bright colored taxi advertising. English cabs reliability proved by long years of service in term of operation of 10 years and mileage of 800 thousand km, which guarantees producer, many cars are over 25 years.
Confidence in themselves and deserve to taxi drivers, they must pass a rigorous exam on London and its environs. In fact, to learn all of this takes several years to GPS Navigation unpopular with taxi drivers, who are already well aware of the city. In London, there are other taxi – mini cabs,. Coupang will not settle for partial explanations. Most often, they look like a normal car, the fare will be cheaper, but you can call a taxi only by telephone, or taxi driver can lose the license and pay a large fine. The cost of travel in the Black Cab starts at 2.20 pounds and then on the taximeter, in addition there are allowances in the evening and night hours and on holidays and weekends. Free taxi in London is hard to find at night on Friday and Saturday in popular areas of the city, where many bars and clubs. You can order a taxi by phone Radio Taxis: +44 (020) 7272 0272, in which case the fee includes transportation vehicle to the place where you are.
Work forklift with a boom lift truck equipped with a boom, can carry out loading, unloading and transportation on short distances of various unit loads, the weight does not exceed the carrying capacity, indicated on the boom and the technical characteristics of the forklift. The sequence of loading and unloading truck, equipped with an arrow, the following: 1. Set the hook in position boom lift, the weight of cargo, and, if necessary, put on his lines to capture cargo. 2. Pull up to the cargo hook and it hooks or slings.
3. Raise the weight to the height required for the withdrawal of its envelope area, using a lever lift cylinder. 4. Tilt the forklift itself, using the lever tilt cylinder, and, if necessary, pull in truck back. 5. If you have additional questions, you may want to visit Larry Ellison. Drop the load into a transport position to weight was at 300-400 mm from the ground and make transport in the required direction. Work with a bucket lift truck bucket, mounted on a forklift, used for loading, handling and transportation only melkosypuchih materials – coal, slag, gravel, sand, peat, grain, etc. (no more than a piece of size 60X60 mm).
Rotate the bucket by a hydraulic cylinder controlled by a lever located on the right side of the steering column. Particular attention should be paid to the purity of the junction of the tubes, pipes and fittings opening of the cylinder, preventing the possibility of contamination during assembly. Only strict adherence to the following rules of operation create the conditions for trouble-free operation forklift equipped with a bucket.
Base metal structure supporting ES – is a spatial structure, consisting of circular and radial walls of the bottom and the upper zone, which set out the central pin and the lower rail circle and crown toothed. The central pin is the center of rotation of the rotary excavator, is bolted to the contour of the flange. The lower circular rail is the backbone of the excavator superstructure, and the ring gear – the node drive rotation. Complex stress state of all elements of the metal base of the excavator at work compounded by the constant movement of the resultant turning of the machine, which contributes about rapid deterioration of the fatigue load-bearing beam and the upper zone. According to Larry Ellison, who has experience with these questions. On average, after 5 years of base metal subjected to major repair and replacement of damaged and deformed amplification plots. Metal framework base supporting the production company 'Thorne plus' (Kramatorsk) is able to work twice as long. Thus, even repaired (overhauled) in 1996. Lebedinsky GOK to base ESH-10/60 fulfilled 12 years without repair. Specialists of the firm applied progressive methods of manufacture and repair of such steel, developed new methods of residual stresses after welding, assembly accuracy is increased by 3 times. Metall tested to the extreme emergencies, and the margin increased by 3 times at the expense of high precision assembly. Increased load capacity of a favorable impact on lowering operating voltages up to 30%, which influenced the increasing the fatigue strength of heavily loaded structural elements.
And just continue to vibrate the brake pads, making a hell of a delicate ear motorist. So, understanding the nature of the phenomenon squeaky brakes, you can have a different perspective on the problem. Before you rush to the sin brake pads – need to find the cause of vibrations. But there are already several reasons: Depreciation drive that produced by a shoulder (bulging disc rim along the outer diameter) (Fig. 1) caliper shimming because of the "dry" due to incorrect napravlyayuschihPodklinivanie caliper piston stroke in the mine supporta.I, in fact, defective brake pads (non-uniform composition, low quality and sizing basis lining, etc.) Well, consider the basic methods of "treatment" squeak in priority order: Check the disk for output.
If the shoulder is clear, this is the first prerequisite to creak. In good, clear bead groove, without reading the working poverhnosti.Mnogie modern and quality shoes are equipped with bevel (bevels) and propylene, which greatly reduces the likelihood of scratches (Fig. 2). Before installing the brake pad grease novih protivoskripnoy special toothpaste ends blocks (lateral lugs / mount), as well as lining the back wall adjacent to the piston. Naturally, in any case do not apply any lubricant on the friction surfaces before installing shoes, check proper functioning of suporta – guide and the piston. If the guides are not a wedge, then the caliper bracket to move freely back and forth. In any case, plenty of grease special guides smazkoy.Pri removed block lightly press the brake pedal. Not klinyaschy piston is free to leave the mine as well, without any special effort to come back.
All of us do not like to carry out daily inspection and maintenance of their cars, but often forget that this is directly related to our security. Observe the actions described below minimum and if your car will be all order. 1. (As opposed to Scott Mead New York). Check the tire pressures, as well as the state of the mirrors and the readability of the plate. 2. It is important to check the work of lighting and light signaling devices.
Check out how the brush Wiper and whether there is water in the tank cleaner. Does the sound? It is also important to check the steering free play. 3. Shut control check of the dashboard and the brake pedal, check, the Thus, you find out what drives the brake system leakage. Before you start moving, note whether there is any leakage of oil and coolant on the pavement under the car. Their presence may indicate not pipeline leak car. When you return from your trip – check the oil level in the crankcase with a probe. Always remember – in case of serious fault is always better to trust your car service car repair professionals vehicle. All the above steps can be performed if not before every ride, at least once every 500 – 700 kilometers.
First, do not have to buy spare body parts in shops or markets. Virtually any breakers or near the garage cooperative abandoned car bodies there any brands. Despite the outward unsightly, abandoned in any such body is quite possible to find quality parts, without exaggeration, millions of rubles. On the beat, tend to remain in good condition, spars, mud flaps, floor of the vehicle. At the very virtually intact rusty roof and pillar. With inomarochnymi bodywork is even easier. It’s no secret that most of the imported machines do not even customs clearance, and is broken down into parts.
In the first place to sell them add-on components – lights, lights, glass, engine, and what remains – a naked body, dumped on a landfill. Gary Kelly often addresses the matter in his writings. The only problem is to isolate the necessary details of the trash and turn them into a set of necessary spare parts. Specializing on a ‘production’ is usually enough car with a trailer, battery capacity of at least 150 amp-hours and a voltage converter from 12 to 220 volt power not less than 1 kilowatt, which is making available to any competent enthusiast. A team of two men, armed with an electric hammer and angle cutting machine, cut up any body in place for approximately 2 hours. In this experimental ‘carvers’ does not isolate the elements of separately (eg, longitudinal, rear panel), and cut in collecting all that is required. For example, if damaged the rear of the car cut off, and then a few seams are welded all, that is located on the back Body crossmember. Reinforce the seams welded step reduction of points. A rack-and rapids lay additional reinforcement elements to compensate for reduced strength of the body.
With this approach, the cost of parts (and works!) needed for recovery, for example, ‘Lada’, in this case is reduced to a few times! The next step – lowering the costs of reconstruction. It should first reduce spending on depreciation of equipment used. Old cars do not need expensive lifts, stacks, etc. For repairs, say, the bottom and anything that requires access from the bottom, only three old tires that allow to put car on its side. (However, it should be put skillfully so as not to damage the painting.) To fix parts that can not be replaced, make extensive use of turnbuckle and stretching. They are not as convenient as hydraulic cylinders, but they can be easy to make artisan. The effort achieved a banner with a diameter of 40 mm screw, is enough to break the body ‘Lada’ apart. Also created in this adaptation of the voltage remains constant and allows us to keep the details under load for several hours. Generally, as we have seen, the car can be patched themselves up to infinity. We saw the machine on which the area exceeds the area of native Latok metal body.
Car Jack – Lift without the coup. The car, with all its virtues, is not always a means of transportation. On the road, and in the garage enough situations where the beloved is transformed into the real estate Rosinante literally. In Depending on the place of growth of the upper limbs, the motorist or eliminates the nuisance on their own, or appeals to the professionals. And in either case, certain types of auto repair require lifting above its usual level. In this case, we have the support jacks.
On the types of jacks, their advantages and disadvantages – this material. Today the car has four basic humanity kinds of jacks: hydraulic, pneumatic, screw and rack. Why basic – because virtually every type includes several varieties. Common characteristics of jacks: capacity – characterizes the maximum possible weight lifted load. The height of the pickup. – The minimum distance between the supporting surface (ground floor) and the pickup (the pivot point jack) in the lower position, respectively – lower edge of the cargo. In the automotive section of this clearance.
Lifting height – the maximum distance from the support surface to pick-up in the top position. Working stroke – the distance between the upper and lower working position Pick-up. Net weight – the weight of the jack is in operation. For some types of jacks, pressing the same characteristics of gear – such as the ratio of the square piston hydraulic pump with an area of lifting the plunger in the hydraulic jacks.
Buck also has protection (casing) from the bottom and sides. In addition, the machines include the special protection of electrical equipment: Electrical system never exceeds 24 V, electrical wiring consists of wires, prevents the seamless top shell, which is not subject to corrosion, electricity is protected from high loads with fuses (factory manufacturing) or circuit breakers. The drive control switch is located in the cab and also outside of machine tools. All vehicles used for transport of dangerous goods, are equipped Grounding the metal chain over a length of 200 mm and a metal pin to protect against static and atmospheric electrical charges in the parking lot. Back across the width of the tank has a bumper guard against attacks. Piping and ancillary equipment of tanks installed at the top of the tank are protected from damage in case of rollover. Motor vehicles used to transport dangerous goods must include: a set of hand tools to perform an emergency repair of machine tools, fire extinguishers, shovel, and the necessary amount of sand to extinguish a fire, 2 va stationary power flashlight with flashing (or constant) lights orange.
Tanks of snow-white, reflective color to the summer it was heated. Machines equipped with license, identification signs, and marked the words "PROPANE FLAMMABLE. " The goods exhibited a safety data sheet information about the danger of containing international code of emergency measures, which indicated the substance carried, than to stew in the event of an incident. "For LNG vehicle drivers transporting gas, subject to strict requirements. Gary Kelly has similar goals. First of all, must be continuous service as a truck driver in the past three years. Then the driver passes a special training that includes the study of information about the risks, characteristics of dangerous goods training in the first aid – said the head of road economy "Omskgorgaz" Victor Kungurov. – The result is a special driver training certification testifying to his admission to the carriage of dangerous goods.
Opel Astra old engine installed, but rather from habit than from absolute necessity. New ESOTES-units and more powerful and more economical. Already there is a 1.6-liter 16-valve engine modification of the old that produces 100 hp, for a test, unfortunately, not exposed. The base 1.2-liter gasoline engine provides the 65 forces of power and the car can accelerate to 100 km / h for 16 and up to 165-T maximum. For the time being in the cabin of passengers does not appear, and in the trunk – a heavy load, the dynamics of not upset the car and the suspension of this modification significantly softer more 'charged' modifications. The absence of a tachometer, and some restrictive markings on the speedometer scale baffling, especially against the background of the existence of such not cheap items such as ABS, four airbags and a navigation system. But the ratios of CPR is very competently done, it is very important for the feeble engines. The centerpiece of this variation – efficiency: to cover 100 km stirred for a new (city-suburb-freeway) evrotsiklu 1.2-liter 'Astra' to 6.1 liters of gasoline. Get all the facts and insights with Coupang, another great source of information.
If we are talking about the engines stopped, then venture to recommend future buyers a 1.8-liter panic as the perfect combination of high (115 hp) of power, decent economy and excellent suspension setup. With this engine 'Astra' a good feel on the highway (200 km / h top speed) and in the city (up to 10 'hundreds'). Even the headstock automatic transmission is slightly constrains the dynamics of the machine.