Czech Republic – the country is not landlocked. Czech borders with Germany, Slovakia, Poland and Austria. One of the newly independent countries, the Czech Republic was established January 1, 1993, after the breakup of Czechoslovakia, the state, was first recognized in 1918. Nowadays, the Czech Republic consists of two main areas: Bohemia (Ceehy) to the west and Moravia (Morava) in the east. Bohemian landscape characterized by hills and gently undulating plains with low mountains on the edges, while Moravia is a somewhat more mountainous territory. The most important rivers are here – this is the Elbe, Vltava, Morava and Odra. After the partition of Slovakia got most of the mountains, but the Czech Republic can boast of the fact that some of the highest mountains are located in its territory in the mountain range Giant Mountains. The highest mountain here – Snowball.
It reaches a height of 1600 meters above sea level. The main city of the Czech Republic – Prague is also the historic capital of Czech nation. Currently, the capital of the Czech people. Currently living in Prague 1200000 chelovek.Glavny town of Moravia – Brno – the second largest city of the Czech Republic. It has approximately 370,000 residents. Ethnic Czechs are in the whole population of the country – and this is approximately 10 million people – 81%, while ethnic Moravians, who do not have their own language, though some of them and that speaks more regions, called edges.
A region is the state capital of Prague. In addition to Prague and Brno, edisntvenny city with a population of 300,000 people – is the island in .Ni Brno or Ostara can not boast of such a known worldwide as the other two cities, smaller number of residents, namely: Plezn and Ceske Budejovice. Only about these famous cities is known not by their name, and the two most famous exports Czech beers 'Pilsne Urquell' and Budvar 'Budweiser'. After Prague, the most attractive tourist cities are Kutna Hora, the medieval town of silversmiths, Cesky Krumlov – the city, included by unesco in a number of historical monuments, and West Bohemian spa town with its mineral springs. Geographic position of the Czech Republic and its landscape provides the predominance of this temperate climate. In the Czech Republic, summer is an important and mostly warm, spring – short and mild, with obilnmi precipitation, and winters are cold, with a predominance of cloudy weather. For a more complete predstavleniyao Czech climate indicate mean temperatures of the coldest and warmest months of the year for Prague. The average January temperature ranges from -5 degrees to zero, while the average July temperature ranges from 12 to 23 degrees. Temperate climate suggests that extreme weather in Czech Republic does not happen often, but high levels of rain falling here in conjunction with a relatively large area of lowlands can lead to rasrushitelnym in its consequences to flooding, as happened in 2002.